Studies on Gentrification Phenomenon
I’ve have attached a .zip file that includes a few recent publications on social phenomenon known as "gentrification." The next step in a proper literature review would be to look at the citations to see what recent studies these articles draw on – I don’t have time to do that right now (just got in from a beach trip at 1 am last night).
If memory serves, one of the studies attached is a spatial data analysis methodology that establishes indicators to assess if gentrification is happening or not. Vacant properties is *not* one so I’m not sure the data would support that gentrification is occurring in Parkridge community. Probably the only place to get vacancy data would be KUB (power on, or water consumption might be indicators.
Regardless, that’s a different question from whether or not H1 zoning is needed to protect historic structures from further deterioration / bulldozers.
Incidentally, "zoning changes" are highlighted as a "best practice" to combat gentrification in Portland, Oregon, the nation’s fasted "gentrifying" city.
If Tyler wishes to explore the issue of indicators for gentrification further, I have an idea that the best resource would be UT-Knoxville’s Sociology Librarian:
Here are some other links from the Oregon point of view:
Realtor.com data showed that the Portland’s median home price zoomed from $148,000 in 2000 to $340,000 in 2015, a 129.7 percent increase.
Although gentrification can also have impacts on businesses or commercial space, this research focuses on the risks for residential displacement. This paper also includes a review of national best practices, including policy tools and programs that Portland could use to mitigate gentrification.
Assessing community "vulnerability" via census tract data:
2012 Risk factors:
a) renters > 45.6%
b) communities of color > 27.4%
c) pop. age 25+ without bachelor’s degree > 56.3%
d) households at or below 80% MFI > 43.7%
Data Sources: 1. 2008-2012 American Community Survey (ACS) 2. U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development CHAS Data, 2007-2011
Places where there are conditions that could make a neighborhood subject to gentrification but where the market pressure is not fully present.
Mid Stage or “Dynamic”: Neighborhoods where the process of gentrification is already present.
Late Stage: Areas that have already largely gentrified.
"Revise Zoning" is a best practice for early, mid, and late stage getrification.
"Best Practices Toolkit Other policies and programs presented in the paper are listed below.’